A Way Forward
A growing knowledge of the importance of environmental sustainability and biodegradation has opened many new avenues for jute products. Concern about the overuse of synthetics has raised the demand for natural, biodegradable fibers like jute, ramie, flax, kenaf, etc., whose special attributes allow them to be made into a wide array of products, from coarse sacks to imitation silk.
Use of Jute
Jute is an extremely flexible material which can be used to make a wide variety of products. It has been traditionally been made into ropes, sacking, and hessian cloth, as well as cushion covers, curtains, and carpets. The coarse ends of the jute plant can be made into inexpensive cloth, while the finer jute fibers can be spun into a silk-like fabric.
Newer ecological uses of jute include: paper (an eco-friendly answer to forest destruction), containers for planting saplings which can be planted directly into the soil, and ground stabilization for the prevention of erosion while vegetation develops.
Fact about Jute
- Jute is 100% bio-degradable recyclable and thus environment friendly.
- It is a natural fiber with golden silky shine, and hence nicknamed as The Golden Fiber.
- Jute is the most cheap vegetable fiber procured from best of the Jute plant and it falls into the category of best fibers (other best fibers are Flax, Hemp, Ramie, etc.).
- It is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton.
- Jute has high tensile strength, and low extensibility.
- It is one of the most versatile natural fibers that has been used in raw materials for packaging, textiles, non-textile, and agricultural sectors.
- Jute stem has very high volume of cellulose that can be procured within 4-6 months, and hence it also can save the forest and meet cellulose and wood requirement of the world.
- The best varieties of Jute are Bangla Tosha - Corchorus olitorius (Golden shine) & Bangla White - Corchorus capsularis (Whitish Shine), and Meshta or Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) is another species with fibre similar to Jute with medium quality.
- Raw Jute & Jute goods are interpreted as Burlap, Industrial Hemp, and Kenaf in some parts of the world.
- The best source of Jute in the world is the Bengal Delta Plain, which is occupied by Bangladesh and India.